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HP-UX Containers (SRP)

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Overview

HP-UX Containers, formerly HP-UX Secure Resource Partitions (SRP), provides an environment for consolidating multiple workload environments within a single image of the HP-UX 11i operating system.  HP-UX Containers is a component of the Virtualization Continuum for HP-UX and offers high efficiency in resource utilization and performance, while reducing the number of operating systems to manage. HP-UX Containers enhances the capabilities and ease of deployment for high availability environments, including Serviceguard.

Features and Benefits

HP-UX Containers offers the following features and benefits:

  • Separate user space execution environment
    • Controlled isolation of execution environments and system resources, limiting access to files, interprocess communication (IPC), networking, storage, and operating system capabilities.
    • Per container user access controls for login.
    • System resources (CPU, memory, and disk) can be managed and scheduled on a per-container basis.
  • Easy setup
    • Coordinates and guides the configuration of multiple HP-UX security, isolation, and resource management features to achieve workload consolidation. 
    • Container Manager integrated in the System Management Homepage (SMH) provides a graphical user interface (GUI) to configure and manage HP-UX containers.
  • Lifecycle management
    • A configuration tool guides the selection of features and options. Use this tool to add, update, and delete containers. You can also use the tool to assign the following items to a container:
      • storage access
      • management roles
      • IP addresses
      • file system, networking, IPC, and other isolation policies
    • Per container init processing - defines startup and shutdown activities per container.
    • Status reporting provides details on the various containers deployed on a system, including resource utilization and state.
  • Import and export a container
    • Copy a container from one system to another.
    • Pre-configure a container on multiple-systems for Serviceguard to enable fast auto-restart upon failure.
    • Support workload balancing of multiple containers across systems.
    • Create a new container by copying an existing container with the export and import operations. You can create multiple new containers of the same type as the original container on the same or on different systems.
  • Multiple container types
    • System Containers - Provides many of the user space capabilities of a virtual machine guest.
    • Workload Containers - Provides a lightweight application hosting environment.
    • HP 9000 Containers - Provides a PA-RISC emulation environment to support quick transition and consolidation of PA-RISC based HP-UX workloads to HPE Integrity servers.  For more information, see: http://www.hpe.com/downloads/hp9000-containers.
  • Each system container supports:
    • A unique host, node, and domain name
    • Local users and groups
    • Local NIS or LDAP domain
    • Local password policies
    • Local file system view (chroot with private or shared filesystem)
    • Local system services such as inetd, init, sshd, syslogd, pwgrd, utmpd, cron, swagentd, rpcbind and NFS daemons.
    • Private IPC namespace
    • Local NFS client and AutoFS support
    • User auditing
  • High availability through Serviceguard support, including a reference implementation for using a container as a Serviceguard package.
  • Force-to-Wire networking that allows you to specify network traffic between containers on the same server to be routed through the external network. Force-to-Wire can be used to facilitate network monitoring or security policy requiring physical network traversal.
  • Included with HP-UX 11i v3
    • The software license for HP-UX Containers (including PRM) is included with all HP-UX 11i v3 Operating Environments.
  • Support for multiple HP 9000 containers on the same system when using the HP 9000 Containers product version A.03.0x. The hp9000cl container type supports the classic HP 9000 container environment. The hp9000sys container type lets you deploy multiple HP 9000 container instances on the same system.
  • Enhancements for Container Manager, formerly SRP Manager, to support configuration of multiple IP addresses for a container.
  • Support to update the HP-UX operating system in an HP-UX Containers enabled system to a newer version using the update-ux(1M) command. The update-ux command was not supported with HP-UX Containers A.03.00.x.

New in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.007

The following defects are fixed in this release of HP-UX Containers A.03.01.007:

  • Container Manager GUI fails to launch from System Management Homepage (SMH) and displays a PHP fatal error message when using PHP 5.4.

NOTE: HP-UX Containers version A.03.01.007 depot does not include the latest version of HP-UX Auditing System Extensions.

HP-UX Auditing System Extension latest version (B.11.31.04.02) addresses the HP-UX FTP Server dependency issue. In case HP-UX FTP Server version B.2.6.1.10 (or higher) is already installed in the system, it is required to install HP-UX Auditing System Extensions version B.11.31.04.02 before installing the HP-UX Containers version A.03.01.007 depot.

New in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.006

The following defects are fixed in this release of HP-UX Containers A.03.01.006:

  • SRP should disallow administrative operations, if SRP core subsystems are in an invalid-configuration state.

  • srp -add -s ipfilter fails if the container has more than one IP address configured.

  • After (re)installing an SRP-safe product, processes continue to run in the local container although container is in Stopped state.

  • During start or import of a system container, SRP may delete container devices when re-synchronizing devices with global view.

  • srp -import fails at setrules due to missing IP address.

  • If container name length is 15 characters or more, /sbin/init.d/srp stop fails to stop the container.

  • Apache template does not provision index.html and associated files into workload container.

  • When creating a system container, SRP does not provision some directories present under global view "/" into the container.

  • System panics when the session/terminal, which is running the srp -start or srp -stop command, is closed prematurely or gets disconnected before the command runs to completion.

HP-UX Containers A.03.01.006 is released with HP-UX 11i v3 March 2014 (B.11.31.1403) OE. For more information on this release, see HP-UX Containers (SRP) A.03.01.006 Release Notes.

New in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.005

The following defects are fixed in this release of HP-UX Containers A.03.01.005:

  • SRP Product gets disabled when it co-exists with the HP-UX Whitelisting (WLI) product on the same system.

  • HP-UX Containers A.03.01.005 is released with HP-UX 11i v3 March 2013 (B.11.31.1303) OE. For more information on this release, see HP-UX Containers (SRP) A.03.01.005 Release Notes.

New in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.004

The following features are added in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.004:

  • Resolved ambiguity with the label named Administrator seen on different pages of Container Manager GUI. The field name is now changed to Container Administrator.

  • Added a confirmation dialog box in Container Manager GUI for container start/stop operations. The dialog box will prompt you for a confirmation before starting or stopping a container.

  • Added a new utility srp_env that shows the basic properties of the container in which it runs (such as container name, type and current state).

For information about defect fixes in this release, see HP-UX Containers (SRP) A.03.01.004 Release Notes.

New in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.003

The following defects are fixed in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.003:

  • Shared system containers will be out of sync after upgrading products.

  • Container started within SMH causes yes process to use 100% CPU.

New in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.001

The following new feature is added in HP-UX Containers A.03.01.001:

  • Support for deployment of Rational Clearcase on a system with HP-UX Containers enabled.

Product Documentation

See the following documents when using HP-UX Containers A.03.01.007:

  • HP-UX Containers (SRP) A.03.01.007 Release Notes

  • HP-UX Containers (SRP) A.03.01 Administrator Guide

  • HP 9000 Containers Administrator Guide

The HP-UX Containers documents and HP 9000 Containers Administrator Guide are located at:  http://www.hpe.com/info/hpux-srp-docs.

Rational Clearcase are registered trademarks of IBM.

 
Additional product information
Product #: HP-UX-SRP     
Additional info
Version: A.03.01.007, A.02.02
Software specification: HP-UX-SRP_A.03.01.007_HP-UX_B.11.31_IA_PA.depot
HP-UX-SRP_A.02.02_HP-UX_B.11.31_IA_PA.depot
Installation
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